Tag Archives: EU

Social differences in pollution across the EU may help to explain health inequalities

As a European Commission report and an important academic paper have recently reminded us, air pollution remains a persistent threat to population health across Europe. Pollutants such as particulate matter and ozone are among the leading causes of premature mortality and respiratory-related health outcomes. Globally, exposure to air pollution ranks as one of the top ten risk factors for health. Continue reading Social differences in pollution across the EU may help to explain health inequalities

Life expectancy changes in European regions over two decades: have the gaps narrowed or widened?

In CRESH’s latest publication, in the European Journal of Public Health, we look at health inequalities across Europe from a geographical perspective: tracking how life expectancy changed between 1991 and 2008 within 129 regions of 13 countries (combined population 272 million in 2008).  Across this period life expectancies improved in every region (see maps below).  But we find no evidence that geographical inequalities narrowed during this time, despite efforts to reduce the gap.  In Eastern European regions the life expectancy gap for males actually widened.  We then investigate whether the inequalities could be “explained” by socioeconomic disparities between the regions – measured as regional-average household income (in comparable units).  We find that household income differences could partly explain the life expectancy gaps, although not for female Eastern Europeans.  Continue reading Life expectancy changes in European regions over two decades: have the gaps narrowed or widened?